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15 Facts About Nigerian Pumpkin Leaves

Nigerian pumpkin leaf

Here are 15 facts that I know about Nigerian Pumpkin leaves. There’s also a video below for some visuals.

  1. The official name is pumpkin leaf. We have another vegetable in Nigeria that we call fluted pumpkin leaves (ugboguru, ugbogiri) because the stalk of Ugboguru is hollow hence the flute in the name. But this one is just pumpkin leaf.
  2. The Igbo name for Nigerian pumpkin leaves is Ugu. The G sounds like the G in GO.
  3. The scientific name is Telfairia occidentalis.
  4. Nigerian pumpkin leaf has a unique leaf arrangement. One stalk comes out from the main stalk and branches out into three stalks. At the end of the 3 stalks, you will find a leaf. I have never seen another leaf arrangement like that, see the image below.
    Nigerian pumpkin leaf arrangement
  5. Ugu is Nigeria’s super vegetable. It is just like kale in the western world.
  6. Because it is packed with nutrients and health benefits, you can use it in green smoothies. People drink Ugu smoothie to help them recharge after a bout of illness.
  7. Ugu is one of the greenest vegetable in Nigeria. With some really fresh ones, I sometimes feel like the green colour will stain my fingers when I touch them. 😀
  8. Ugu has a medium texture so when you add it to your cooking, stir and take the pot off the stove immediately else the vegetables will be overcooked, become dull and unappetizing.
  9. Because of its mild taste, Ugu is the choice vegetable for a range of Nigerian dishes: Yam and Vegetable, Egusi Soup, Ogbono Soup. You can also steam Nigerian pumpkin leaf on its own to get Steamed Vegetables that can be used as a garnish for other dishes like Nigerian Jollof Rice.
  10. Ugu is best planted in the garden in the rainy season. If you plant it in the dry season, you will need to water it often. The main thing is that it needs lots of moisture to flourish. You can also plant it in the farm but the leaves of the ones planted in farms usually do not look as fresh and healthy as the ones planted in the garden.
  11. Ugu is a climbing plant and it is best to build stakes for them to climb on.
  12. The fruit of Nigerian pumpkin is like a massive cocoa fruit. Some of them weigh so much that one person cannot lift them. Nigerian pumpkin fruit
  13. Nigerian pumpkin seeds are fat and embedded in a spongy material. You will see this when you cut open the fruit with a machete. Nigerian pumpkin seeds
  14. Nigerian pumpkin seeds are edible in some parts of Eastern Nigeria but I have never tasted it. Do you eat Nigerian pumpkin seeds where you come from?
  15. Ugu is a tropical vegetable but has been proven to do well in the temperate regions. Nigerians in the US, in the UK, Germany and other countries in the temperate region have been planting Ugu leaves in their back garden since 19kpirigidim and they get fresh produce.

Did I miss any important fact about Nigerian pumpkin leaves? Please add yours in the comments below!


  1. Ngozi Monye says

    I have tasted ugu seed and it tastes great. I want to add that the seed is used for preparing ogiri (native stock). It is boiled, poured in a bowl and covered for about 4 to 5 days to ferment. The fermented seeds are pounded in a mortar and wrapped in native leaf, tied with slim ropes. Ogiri is ready (the ogiri is usually white not the black type and has a salivating aroma). I remember during my childhood days when my grandmother used to prepare it. The ogiri can be added to fresh red oil mixed with fresh ground pepper and salt to eat either boiled/roasted yam or roasted plantain. Hmm! tastes so good. I missed the olden days delicacies.

  2. Chinyere Ugboma says

    Yeah, I have tasted boiled ugu seed before. U just need to have a eat it to know what it taste like. But I assure u, it’s a good one

    • Ok thanks Chinyere. You have just increased my chances of trying it. How do you prepare it? Just boil, crack open and eat? And for how long do I cook it?

  3. To eat pumpkin seed you must allowit to be strong and ripe for the seed to be edible. The spongy part of it turns yellow to show it is ripe and can also be used for planting.

  4. Ugu leave works faster in boasting blood in the body than any other blood tonic.

  5. Nice

  6. Flo.. do you have a way to send some seeds? I really would like some for planting. I’m located in the US

  7. I have ugu seed here in Ireland Dublin but i am afraid to plant it because not sure if it will grow…can someone help me out

    • How are you preserving it? It’s better to plant it and see if it grows. If it goes bad, it will be a lose-lose situation. Plant it in a pot because it is too cold to plant in the garden now.

  8. Inyang Inyang says

    fluted pumpkin is native to the people who speak Calabar language of Akwa Ibom State and cross River State. The vegetable is known as Ubong . The leaf is called ikong using. The soup is called edikang ikong. The vegetable loves humus soil and thrives best in an unrestricted farmland. The vines may extend up to 6 – 9 m while the fruit reaches from 15 – 100 cm. Proper edikang ikong must be prepared with water leaf which softens the soup.

    • No, fluted pumpkin (which has a hollow stalk) is different and not what you described. What you described is simply pumpkin leaves the one in the video above.

  9. Hey all guys, I am looking for the seeds of this Nigerian fluted pumpkin seeds and so many other Nigerian medicinal plants to plant in my home country for my sick child. Can anybody help? If you can, I will give you all the necessary contacts to get in touch. Thank you

  10. Folake Jerome says

    I can help source, this herbs you seek . I am in Nigeria an I own a farm

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